Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

The Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is the most protected ecological piece of the Anamalai sub-unit of the Western Ghats. Surrounded on all sides by protected areas and sanctuaries of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the sanctuary is endowed with a variety of peninsular flora and fauna, which are excellently conserved due to total protection and minimal human interferences. The sanctuary, being a part of major ecological continuum from Peechi to Eravikulam through the Anamalais, aids the survival of large viable populations of wildlife. It is the home ground for different races of indigenous people who are as well an integral part of the prevailing, harmonious ecosystem. The thick, opulent habitats of the sanctuary with ample water supplies make it an abode for wildlife and thereby for tourists, who can have treasured memories of animal sightings and of experiencing Mother Nature at its best.

GEOGRAPHY

The Reserve lies between the longitudes 76° 35' and 76° 50' East and latitudes 10° 20' and 10° 26' North. It is situated in the Chittur taluk of Palakkad revenue district in the state of Kerala. Surrounding the sanctuary are Pollachi and Vaalpaarai taluks of Coimbatore district in the state of Tamil Nadu and Thrissur and Mukundapuram taluks of Thrissur district of Kerala. The sanctuary lies in between the Anamalai hills and Nelliampathy hills. Altitude ranges between 300m and 1438m above MSL. There are 7 major valleys and 3 major river systems. Major peaks in the sanctuary are Karimala (1438m), Pandaravarai (1290m), Kuchimudi, Vengoli (1120m) and Puliyarapadam (1010m). Apart from the natural rivers and streams, the sanctuary possesses 3 man-made reserviors namely Parambikulam, Thunacadavu and Peruvaripallam whose cumulative waterspread is 20.66 sq. km. FLORA Natural forests in the Sanctuary consist of tropical evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests, moist deciduous and dry deceiduous forests interspersed with moist bamboo brakes and reed brakes.

FAUNA

Mammals in the Park include tiger, leopard, sloth bear, dhole or the Asiatic wild dog, golden jackal, leopard cat, jungle cat, rusty spotted cat, elephant, gaur, sambar, chital or spotted deer, muntjac or barking deer, chevrotain or mouse deer, wild pig, nilgiri langur, common langur, bonnet macaque, lion-tailed macaque, common palm civet, small Indian civet, common mongoose, striped necked mongoose, ruddy mongoose, smooth Indian otter, slender loris, spiny dormouse, porcupine, Indian pangolin, malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel and three striped palm squirrel etc.

Over 320 species of birds have been identified in the Park. Some of the most important groups include, cormorants, ducks, teal, darter, partridge, quail, jungle fowl, spur fowl, pea fowl, parakeets, hornbills, barbets, drongos, orioles, shrikes, warblers, flycatchers, woodpeckers, chloropsis, trogons, kingfishers, storks, egrets, fish eagle, hawk eagles, harriers, falcons, kites, owls, nightjars etc. Reptiles include toads, leaping frogs, torrent frogs, tree frogs, pythons, cobras, kraits, vipers, grass snakes, forest cane turtles, travancore tortoises, flapshells, star tortoises, flying lizards, chameleons, forest calotes etc.

APPROACH & ACCOMODATION

Parambikulam can be reached through Top Slip. The Aanapady checkpost is the beginning of the Sanctuary and a few kilometres down the road brings you to the Wildlife Warden's office. Entry time is between 7 am and 6 pm. Department vehicles are available for wildlife viewing. The ideal time to visit the Park is between May and January. Plenty of accomodation is available at different ranges of the Sanctuary from 2-bed rooms to 50-bed dormitories.

For reservations and more information, contact
The Wildlife Warden,
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary,
Anappady, Thunacadavu P.O,
Parambikulam 678 661.
Palakkad District, Kerala State.
Phone: 04253-277233.

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