Mammals in the Anamalais include tiger, leopard, sloth bear, dhole or the Asiatic wild dog, golden jackal, leopard cat, jungle cat, rusty spotted cat, elephant, gaur, sambar, chital or spotted deer, muntjac or barking deer, chevrotain or mouse deer, wild pig, nilgiri langur, common langur, bonnet macaque, lion-tailed macaque, common palm civet, small Indian civet, common mongoose, striped-neck mongoose, ruddy mongoose, smooth Indian otter, slender loris, spiny dormouse, porcupine, Indian pangolin, malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel and three striped palm squirrel etc.

Reference: A field guide to Indian Mammals : Vivek Menon

Of the above, our sightings include

CARNIVORES

  1. Asiatic Wild Dog or Dhole - Cuon alpinus
  2. Tiger - Panthera tigris
  3. Leopard - Panthera pardus
  4. Common Palm Civet - Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
  5. Stripe-necked Mongoose - Herpestes vitticollis
  6. Rusty Spotted Cat - Prionailurus rubiginosis
  7. Small Indian Civet - Viverricula indica
  8. Brown Palm Civet - Paradoxurus jerdoni

HERBIVORES

  1. Spotted Deer or Chital - Cervus axis
  2. Sambhar - Cervus unicolor
  3. Barking Deer or Muntjac - Muntiacus muntjak
  4. Asian Elephant - Elephas maximus
  5. Gaur - Bos gaurus
  6. Bonnet Macaque - Macaca radiata
  7. Lion-tailed Macaque - Macaca silenus
  8. Common Langur - Presbytis entellus
  9. Nilgiri Langur - Presbytis johni
  10. Malabar Giant Squirrel - Ratufa indica maxima
  11. Indian Giant Flying Squirrel - Petaurista phillippensis
  12. Three-striped Palm Squirrel - Funambulus palmarum
  13. Indian (Black-naped) Hare - Lepus nigricollis
  14. Wild Boar - Sus scrofa
  15. Nilgiri Tahr - Hemitragus hylocrius
  16. Indian Porcupine - Hystrix indica
  17. Slender Loris - Loris tardigradus
  18. Indian Sloth Bear - Melursus ursinus

Facts you should know

5400 hectares of forests was submerged by the construction of 10 dams and 65 kms of canals in the Anamalai Tiger Reserve between 1954-62 and 1980.