The forests of the Anamalais can be broadly classified as 

1. Wet & Semi Evergreen
2. Scrub Thorn
3. Moist Deciduous
4. Dry Deciduous
5. Montane Sholas
6. Grasslands

All information provided in this section (Flora) is copyright © Ms. Poornima Ravishankar, our associate ecologist. No part of this may be reproduced without her prior consent and written approval.

WET EVERGREEN AND SEMI EVERGREEN CLIMAX FORESTS
Dominant species Annual Rainfall Temperature Dry season Distribution
TYPE - 1
Diperocarpus indicus
Dipterocarpus bourdullonii
Stombosia ceylanica

2000-5000mm 20°C 2-3 months Parts of Manamboly range and parts of Thunakadavu
TYPE - 2
Cullenia exarillata
Mesua ferrea
Palquium ellipticum

2000-5000mm 16-23°C 2-3 months Ulandy range = Varagaliar shola, Anaikundy shola, Panathiar shola (part), Kadavusathi shola
Manamboly range = Panathiar Shola (part), Urulikkal, Manamboly, Tata Finley, Varattuparai I, II, III, Sholaiyar dam
Vaalpaarai Range = Andiparai Shola, Waterfall Shola, Iyerpadi Shola, Puthuthottam.

TYPE - 3
Bhesa indica
Gomphandra tetrandra
Litsea sp 

3000-5000mm 13.5-16°C 2-3 months Part of Valparai range and Akkamalai shola
MOIST DECIDUOUS CLIMAX FORESTS
Type - 1
Lagastroemia microcarpa 
Dillinia pentagyna
Tectona Grandis

Parts of Ulandy and Pollachi ranges - in the vicinity of Sethumadai, Topslip and Thunakadavu.
DRY DECIDUOUS CLIMAX FORESTS
Type - 1
Albizzia amara
Acacia sp

Amaravathi, Kukkal, Kudiraiyar
Type - 2
Anogneissus latifolia
Pterocarpus marsupium
Terminalia sp

Parts of Udumalapet range, Amaravathi (Part), Anamalai (Part)
MONTANE FORESTS
Type - 1
Litsea sp
Syzygium sp 
Microtropis wallichianus 

Parts of Valparai and Udumalapet ranges, Pocket sholas of the Grass hills
GRASSLANDS Parts of Valparai and Udumalapet ranges, Pocket sholas of the Grass hills